What is index.html?

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HTML is undoubtedly the first subject that beginners in web design meet after doing some research and the most common subject they encounter . This is because HTML is the cornerstone of web design. We see a lot of HTML related questions in social networking groups and forums. What is HTML? , HTML is a programming language sturdy? , What can be done with HTML? Is it possible to make a site with HTML? It is discussed on many issues such as.

So what is this HTML? You can read the rest of the article for the answers to all questions about HTML and those that are known to be true and false.

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1 What is HTML?
1.0.1 What is index.html?
1.1 HTML History
1.1.1 HTML 1.0 – 1991
1.1.2 HTML 2.0 – 1994
1.1.3 HTML 3.2 – 1997
1.1.4 HTML 4.0 – 1999
1.1.5 HTML 5 – 2011
1.2 What Can Be Done With HTML?
1.3 Basic HTML Structure
1.4 HTML Elements
1.5 HTML Meta Tags
1.6 Things to Know About HTML
1.7 HTML Sample Page Structure
1.8 HTML Editors
1.8.1 Notepad ++:
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What is HTML?

HTML ( Hyper Text Markup Language )is the standard text markup language used to create web pages. The conclusion we will draw here is thatHTMLis nota programming language. To explain a little more, HTML is a language that web browsers such as Chrome, Yandex Browser, Firefox, Opera, Safari read and understand. Browsers read the HTML output and run the website to us.

HTML (Rich Text Markup Language) is a scripting language used to create web pages on the internet. HTML files are stored with the extension .html or .htm. HTML is standardized by the W3C.

The common point of all web projects developed with software languages ​​such as ASP, ASP.net, PHP, Java, Phyton is HTML. Whatever software language the web project is developed with, it is eventually written to the browser as HTML and the browser reads this HTML output.

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When you click Right click> View Page Source while viewing a web page in your browser, the codes you see are HTML.

Html language basically performs operations such as placing and positioning elements such as text, visuals and videos within the page, displaying these pages properly in web browsers, giving information to search engines about the page.

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The skeleton of a page is created with HTML and this skeleton is shaped with the help of CSS (cascading style sheet) and Javascript . What is CSS, What is JavaScript? Those who wonder can read the rest of our series of basic web design lessons.

HTML is the content layer of a web page.

What is index.html?
When we enter a site, the first page displayed to us is one of the files index.html, index.htm, index.asp, index.php or default.htm. The index. * files are the home page for UNIX and its derivative systems, while the default.htm file is the home page for WinNT or its derivative systems.

HTML History
Tim Berners-Lee , who was at CERN in 1980, believed that there should be a system for CERN researchers to share their information and documents with each other. That’s why he proposed the system named ENQUIRE as a prototype.

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By 1989, Tim Berners-Lee laid the foundations of the internet-based system. He founded the World Wide Web (WWW) system in 1990 after developing the HTML markup language . In this way, HTML, which emerged with the aim of facilitating information sharing at CERN, has formed the main basis of the internet, which is indispensable in our lives today.

HTML 1.0 – 1991
The first version of HTML was published in 1991. HTML, which will be very capable over time, had very limited features due to the fact that it was the first version when it was 1.0. Therefore, the pages created with this version were quite simple. Headings, lists, and paragraphs were essential features of this release.

HTML 2.0 – 1994
In 1994, HTML 2.0 zero was released. Continuing to be developed in this version, HTML gained the fillable form feature that we use frequently today.

HTML 3.2 – 1997
The third version, called HTML 3.2, was published in 1997. A special tag usage system was introduced to the browser, and browser incompatibilities continued to occur since then. But most importantly, CSS came with this release and HTML is now getting more handsome.

HTML 4.0 – 1999
With HTML 4.0, unnecessary code that existed in previous versions has been removed. The best standards of HTML in terms of syntax have been reached. This point where HTML has come has started to allow the proliferation of websites.

HTML 5 – 2011
With HTML5 standards, HTML has now gotten great. This version we are currently using has become search engine friendly, working in harmony with today’s technology devices such as tablets and mobile, and has many more features.

What Can Be Done With HTML?

One of the most curious is to make a website with HTML? is the question. Yes, making a website with HTML is possible. As we have just mentioned, since the web project developed with any software language will eventually be printed on the browser as HTML, it will be possible to make the website directly with HTML.

However, what should be known correctly here is that a site made with HTML will be static, not dynamic. In other words, a website running only with HTML does not have an admin panel. In order to make changes on the site (add, change or delete text, visuals, etc.), it is necessary to connect to the server and update directly on the .html file. You will appreciate that this is not an action that everyone can do, and it will be an unnecessary workload when there is a preference for today’s technologies. For this reason, it is necessary to be well aware of what HTML is. Ideas such as buying themes and making a site do not actually make much sense.